Doubel Combustion Chamber

All Incinerators are Doubel Combustion Chamber with One Fuel Burner Each. After Burner Technology for Completely Combustion and Cleaner World.

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High Temperature Incineration

Temperature Range 800 Degree to 1200 Degree in Combustion Chamber. Temperature Thermocouple Monitor and Controller. High Quality Fire Brick and Refactory Cement.

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There are latest incinerator news like technical, public news, business tender for medical waste incinerator,animal incineration, pet cremation

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Nanjing Clover Medical Technology Co.,Ltd.

Email: sales@clover-incinerator.com | Tel: +86-25-8461 0201

Regular model incinerator for market with burning rate from 10kgs to 500kgs per hour and we always proposal customer send us their require details, like waste material, local site fuel and power supply, incinerator operation time, etc, so we can proposal right model or custom made with different structure or dimensions.
Incinerator Model YD-100 is a middle scale incineration machine for many different usage: for a middle hospital sickbed below 500 units, for all small or big size family pets (like Alaskan Malamute Dog), for community Municipal Solid Waste Incineration, etc. The primary combustion chamber volume is 1200Liters (1.2m3) and use diesel oil or natural gas fuel burner original from Italy.

Latest Post

Pet Crematorium


Basic Info.

Export Markets:Global

Additional Info.

Trademark:clover
Origin:Clover

Product Description

we would like to refresh or alter incinerator with new one the incinerator comprise 3 components every unit 400kg/h, if u interest to make job with as pls contact me to send u drawing and information. (Baghdad )  Our hospitals demand 3 X Medical Waste Incinerator Units (made to  Burn medical waste load capacity of 50kg/hr, with calorific values  Ranging from two, 300 kJ. Kg to 30, 000 kJ/kg in a designed thermal rate  Of 1, 440, 000 kJ/hr.  I was browsing through your site and noted that Model: YZ-50 or  YD-50 might be the the desired (defined ) incinerator unit. Please  Find attached animal incinerators and other garbage, animal incinerators and other garbage. De, animal incinerators costs, animal incinerators manufacturers, animal incinerators cost, our incinerator specifications.  I kindly request you to send me a quote of your Medical Waste  Incinerator Units, detailed specs and features and cargo costs from  Your location to Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.  MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATOR SPECIFICATIONS  Capacity (4000 kg/day).  The device should have the following features:  * Automatic feeding  * Automatic ash / leftovers removal  * Flue gas filtration system.  * The financial & technical offer should include testing & installation and personnel training.  ***The deal should be itemized.  IMPORTANT INFORMATION:  1. Emission criteria: ( EU )  2. Waste form: Hazardous Medical Waste  3. Approximate moisture content: Max. Glass content: Max. 15%  . Building Roof Height: 8 meters  . Height of chimney above roof (required): at least 3 meters  7. Fuel for use: No. two ( petrol ) ( Fuel specifications attached )  8. Power: 380 V, 3 phase  9. Space available within the existing building: (Bidders must go to the building to pick the ideal location for installation coordinating with university engineers)  10. Waste filled in (max. 70X120 cm ) polyethylene bags (Amman )  I’m looking at purchasing 10-17 medical waste incinerators. Please would you give me your best price and latest catalogue for the next

Items/Model TS10(PLC) TS20(PLC) TS30(PLC) TS50(PLC) TS100(PLC)
Burn Rate 10 kg/hour 20 kg/hour 30 kg/hour 50 kg/hour 100 kg/hour
Feed Capacity 20kg 40kg 60kg 100kg 200 kg
Control Mode PLC PLC PLC PLC PLC
Combustion Chamber 100L 210L 330L 560L 1200L
Internal Dimensions 50x50x40cm 65x65x50cm 75x75x60cm 100x80x70cm 120x100x100cm
Secondary Chamber 50L 110L 180L 280L 600L
Smoke Filter Chamber Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Feed Mode Manual Manual Manual Manual Manual
Voltage 220V 220V 220V 220V 220V
Power 0.5Kw 0.5Kw 0.5Kw 0.7Kw 0.7Kw
Oil Consumption (kg/hour) 5.4–12.6 7.8–16.3 10.2–20 12.1–24 14–28
Gas Consumption (m3/hour) 6.2–11.4 8–15.7 9.8–20 9.9–26.1 10–32.2
Temperature Monitor Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Temperature Protection Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Oil Tank 100L 100L 100L 100L 200L
Feed Door 30x30cm 45x40cm 55x50cm 70x55cm 80x60cm
Chimney 3Meter 3Meter 5Meter 5Meter 10Meter
Chimney Type Stainless Steel Stainless Steel Stainless Steel Stainless Steel Stainless Steel
1st. Chamber Temperature 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree
2nd. Chamber Temperature 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree 800degree–1000degree
Residency Time 2.0 Sec. 2.0 Sec. 2.0 Sec. 2.0 Sec. 2.0 Sec.
Gross Weight 1500kg 2200kg 3000kg 4500kg 6000kg
External Dimensions 140x90x120cm 160x110x130cm 175x120x140cm 230x130x155cm 260x150x180cm

PLC Incinerator (TS50 PLC)


Basic Info.

Model NO.:TS50 PLC
Pullution Sources:Solid Waste Processing
Processing Methods:Combustion
Export Markets:Global

Additional Info.

Trademark:Clover
Packing:Full Container
Standard:50 kg per hour
Origin:China
Production Capacity:1500 Units/Year

Product Description

Items/Model TS50(PLC)
Burn Rate 50 kg/hour
Feed Capacity 100kg
Control Mode PLC
Combustion Chamber 560L
Internal Dimensions 100x80x70cm
Secondary Chamber 280L
Smoke Filter Chamber Yes
Feed Mode Manual
Voltage 220V
Power 0.7Kw
Oil Consumption (kg/hour) 12.1–24
Gas Consumption (m3/hour) 9.9–26.1
Temperature Monitor Yes
Temperature Protection Yes
Oil Tank 100L
Feed Door 70x55cm
Chimney 5Meter
Chimney Type Stainless Steel
1st. Chamber Temperature 800–1000 degree
2nd. Chamber Temperature 1000-1200 degree
Residency Time 2.0 Sec.
Gross Weight 4500kg
External Dimensions 230x130x155cm

Nanjing Clover Medical Technology Co., Ltd..

Incinerator Crematory


Basic Info.

Pullution Sources:Solid Waste Processing
Processing Methods:Combustion
Export Markets:Global

Additional Info.

Trademark:clover
Origin:Nanjing

Product Description

Nanjing Clover Medical Technology Co., Ltd., local in Nanjing city, China.

FFP2 Breathing mask System


平面口罩机参数:

Semi-Automatic Mask Machine

l Power supply: 3.3KW mono phase

l Mask Size: 175mm*80-100mm (2 or 3 layers)

l Nonwoven (GMS): 10-50g

l Capacity: 120 into 150pcs/min

l Dimension(L*W*H):3800mm*500mm*1400mm

l Net Weight: Approximately 1000kg

 

焊接机参数:

Welding Machine

l Capacity: 5 to 5 10pcs/min

l Power Source: 8.5KW mono phase

l Compressed Air Link: 0.5 to 0.7Mpa

l Dimension(L*W*H): 900mm*650mm*1380mm

l Net weight: approx. 50kg

 

KN95口罩机参数:

N95 Mask Machine

l Capacity: 130 into 160pcs/min

l Dimension(L*W*H): 1037*855*1780

l Power Supply 15.3kw mono phase


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Mobile: 0086-13962221749(whatsapp)
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HICLOVER – Medical Environmental 

l Net Weight: approx.: 1500kg


 

Waste Incinerators
Medical Waste Incinerator
Pet Animal Cremation
Solid Waste Incinerator

Tel:  +86-25-8461 0201   
Mobile: +86-13813931455(whatsapp/wechat)
Website: www.hiclover.com  
Email: [email protected]
Email: [email protected]  
Nanjing Clover Medical Technology Co.,Ltd.

 


Programme on Small Scale Medical Waste Incinerators for Primary Health Care Clinics in South Africa


TABLE OF CONTENTS

  1. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAMME 4
  2. STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAMME 4
  3. COLLABORATORS INVOLVED IN THE PROGRAMME 4
  4. STAKEHOLDERS INVOLVED IN THE PROGRAMME 4
  5. LABORATORY TRIALS 5
  6. FIELD TRIALS 13

 

 

 

1.     OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAMME

 

The aim of this programme is to choose technical criteria suitable for tender specification purposes that will enable the South African Department of Health to acquire the equipment and services required for the primary healthcare clinics to carry out small incineration for the disposal of medical waste.

 

2.     STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAMME

 

The test programme has been carried out in phases, as follows:

Stage 1         A scoping study to decide the obligation of the different parties and

consensus about the test criteria and bounds of the laboratory tests. The criteria for accepting an incinerator on trial was accepted by all parties involved.

Stage two Laboratory evaluations using a ranking of each incinerator and the selection of the incinerators to be utilised in the field trials.

Stage 3         Completion of field trials, to evaluate the efficacy of each incinerator under field conditions.

Stage 4         Planning of a tender specification and recommendations to the DoH for the implementation of a continuing incineration programme.

 

This document offers feedback on phases 2 and 3 of their work.

 

 

 

3.     COLLABORATORS INVOLVED IN THE PROGRAMME

 

SA Collaborative Centre for Cold Chain Management SA National Department of Health

CSIR

Pharmaceutical Society of SA World Health Organisation UNICEF

 

 

 

4.     STAKEHOLDERS INVOLVED IN THE PROGRAMME

 

The following stakeholders participated in the steering committee:

 

  • Dept of Health (National & provincial levels) (DoH)
  • Dept of Occupational Health & Safety (National & provincial levels)
  • Dept of Environmental Affairs & Tourism (National & provincial levels) (DEAT)
  • Dept of Water Affairs & Forestry (National & provincial levels) (DWAF)
  • Dept of Labour (National & provincial levels) (DoL)
  • National Waste Management Strategy Group
  • SA Local Government Association (SALGA)
  • SA National Civics Organisation (SANCO)
  • National Education, Health and Allied Workers Union (NEHAWU)

 

 

  • Democratic Nurses Organisation of SA (DENOSA)
  • Medecins Sans Frontieres
  • SA Association of Community Pharmacists
  • Mamelodi Community Health Committee
  • Pharmaceutical Society of SA
  • CSIR
  • UNICEF
  • WHO
  • SA Federation of Hospital Engineers

 

 

International visitors:

  • Dr Luiz Diaz – WHO Geneva and International Waste Management , USA
  • Mr Joost van den Noortgate – Medecins Sans Frontieres, Belgium

 

 

 

 

5.     LABORATORY TRIALS

 

5.1.   Objective of the laboratory trials

 

  • Rank the performance of submitted units to the following criteria:

y Occupational safety

y Impact on public health from emissions

y The destruction efficiency

y The endurance for the accessible staff

 

  • The panel of experts for the ranking consisted of a:

y Expert nurse; Mrs Dorette Kotze from the SA National Department of Public Health

y Emission expert; Dr Dave Rogers from the CSIR

y Combustion Engineer; Mr Brian North from the CSIR

 

5.2.   Incinerators received for evaluation

 

Name used in report Model no. Description Manufacturer
C&S Marketing

incinerator

SafeWaste Model Turbo

2000Vi

Electrically operated fan supplies combustion air

— no supplemental gas

C&S Marketing cc.
Molope Gas incinerator Medcin 400 Medical

Waste Incinerator

Gas-fired incinerator Molope Integrated

Waste Management

Molope Auto incinerator Molope Auto Medical

Waste Incinerator

Auto-combust incinerator – uses wood

or coal as extra fuel to facilitate incineration

Molope Integrated

Waste Management

 

Name used in report Model no. Description Manufacturer
PaHuOy

incinerator

Turbo Stove Auto-combust unit,

Working with no additional fuel or driven air distribution

Pa-Hu Oy

 

 

5.3.   Emission testing: laboratory method

 

Sampling of emissions followed the US-EPA Method 5G dilution tunnel Way of cooker emissions. Adjustments to the layout were created to account for flames extending up to 0.5 m above the suggestion of the incinerator and the drop out of big parts of ash. Emissions were extracted to a duct for isokinetic sampling of particulate emissions. The sampling arrangement is revealed by a schematic in Figure 1. A photograph of this operation over the Molope gas fired incinerator unit is displayed in Figure 2.

 

All evaluations were performed according to specified operating procedures. The directions provided by the supplier of the equipment were followed in the case of this C&S Marketing Unit. No operating procedures were supplied with the Molope Gas, Molope auto-combustion and PaHuOy units. These procedures were created by the CSIR personnel using their previous experience together with advice offered by the supplier.

 

Evaluation facilities were set up at the CSIR and measurements have been carried out under an ISO9001 system using standard EPA test procedures or modifications made at the CSIR.

 

 

 

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of the laboratory set-up

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2:Photograph of air intake sampling hood over Molope gas incinerator

 

 

 

5.4.   RANKING RESULTS OF THE LABORATORY TRIALS

 

Using the criteria listed under section 4.1 above, the incinerators were rated as followed:

 

  Molope gas-fired

unit

Molope wood-fired

unit

C&S electric

unit

PaHuOy wood-fired

unit

Safety 6.8 4.8 5.5 3.3
Health 5.5 3.5 4.3 2.3
Destruction 9 2 6 1
Usability 2 3 3 5
Average 5.8 3.3 4.7 2.9

 

 

5.5.   EMISSION RESULTS OF THE LABORATORY TRIALS

 

Quantitative measurements were utilized to rank the units in terms of destruction efficiency and also the potential to produce hazardous emissions.

 

Conformance into the South African Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism’s (DEAT) recommended guidelines on emissions from Big Scale Medical Waste Incinerators is outlined in Table 1. The measurements are listed1 in Table 2.

 

 

 

Table 1: Summary qualitative results

 

Parameter Measured Units Molope

 

Gas-fired

Molope

 

Wood-fired

C&S

 

Electric

PaHuOy

 

Wood-fired

SA DEAT

Guidelines

Stack height m × × × × 3 m above

closest building

Gas velocity m/s × × × × 10
Residence time s × × × × 2
Minimum combustion

temperature

ºC 4 × × × > 850
Gas combustion

performance

% × × × × 99.99
Particulate emissions mg/Nm3 4 × 4 × 180
Cl as HCl mg/Nm3 × 4 4 × < 30
F as HF mg/Nm3 4 4 4 4 < 30
Metals mg/Nm3 4 × × 4 < 0.5 and

< 0.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Fragrant concentrations are reported in accordance with the South African reporting requirements, ie, normalized to Regular Temperature (0

oC) and Stress (101.3 kPa) and adjusted to a nominal concentration of

8% of CO2 on a dry gas basis. If a measurement dropped below the detection limit for the method is it either reported as the detection limit or as N.D., ie, not detectable.

 

 

Table 2: Detailed quantitative results

 

 

Parameter Measured *

 

Components

 

Molope gas

 

Molope Automobile

 

C&S

 

PaHuOy

 

SA Procedure Guide1

 

Comments

 

Stack height

 

m

 

1.8

 

1.8

 

1.9

 

0.3

 

3 m above closest building

 

none of those unite has a stack. The elevation of the exhaust vent is accepted as the pile height. If it is above the respiration zone of the operator it provides some protection against exposure to smoke.

 

Gas speed

 

m/s

 

0.8

 

0.5

 

1.1

 

0.5

 

10

 

Gas velocities vary across the pile to get the Molope gas, Molope auto-combustion, and also the PaHuOy units.

 

Residence time

 

s

 

0.4

 

0.7

 

0.6

 

0.4

 

two

 

Residence time is taken to be the total combustion time, and the highest possible

 

Minimum combustion zone temperature

oC  

800 -900

 

400 – 650

 

600 – 800

 

500 – 700

 

> 850

 

Molope auto-combustion temperatures are anticipated to become higher as the middle of the combustion zone is not predicted to be at the measurement location.

 

CO2 at the stack tip

 

percent vol

 

2.64

 

3.75

 

4.9

 

3.25

 

8.0

 

Actual emission concentrations are less than the values reported here, that can be normalized to 8% CO2 and standard temperature and pressure for reporting purposes. They’re lower between 4 to 8 times.

 

Particulate emissions entrained in exhaust gas

 

102

 

197

 

130

 

338

 

180

 

The overall emissions are the sum of the both entrained and un- entrained particulates. Emissions are lower than anticipated for these units and this can be attributed to the absence of raking which is the major source of particulate emissions from incinerators without an emission management

 

system.

Combustion 99.70 99.03 the duct where mixing of exhaust
efficiency gases is complete. Results of two

Particulate fall- out

 

42

mg/Nm3  

105

 

n.d.

 

n.d.

 

 

Big pieces of cardboard and paper ash rained out of the emissions. Totalling 0.8 to 2 gram over a +/- two minute interval.

 

Soot in particulates

percent

 

42.2

mg/Nm3  

58.1

 

48.7

 

84.8

 

 

Correlates right with gas combustion efficiency

 

 

 

1 Emission concentrations have been reported in accordance with the South African reporting requirements, ie, Normalized to Regular Temperature (0

 

oC) and Stress (101.3 kPa) and adjusted to a nominal concentration of

 

8% of CO2 on a dry gas basis. If a measurement dropped below the detection limit for the method is it either reported as the detection limit or as N.D., ie, not detectable.

 

 

 

Parameter Measured *

 

Components

 

Molope gas

 

Molope Automobile

C&S

PaHuOy

SA Procedure Guide1

Comments

% ash residual from clinical waste

 

percent

 

14.8

 

12.9

 

15.6

 

21.7

 

 

Measurement of destruction efficiency of the incinerator. Typical industrial units operate at 85-90% mass decrease. PaHuOy is lower due to the melting and unburnt plastic.

 

Cl as HCl

 

46

 

13

 

25

 

35 & 542

 

< 30

 

PaHuOy chloride concentrations varied considerably. This is expected as a result of the variability of the feed composition.

 

Lead (Pb)

 

< 0.4

 

< 0.4

mg/Nm3  

< 0.4

 

< 0.4

 

0.5

 

Lead not anticipated in waste

 

Cadmium (Cd)

 

< 0.2

 

< 0.2

mg/Nm3  

< 0.2

 

< 0.2

 

0.05

 

Sensitivity of this x-ray method is sufficient for ranking. Greater sensitivity not sought with this trial.

 

Chromium (Cr)

 

< 0.1

 

0.7

mg/Nm3  

0.7

 

< 0.1.

 

0.5

 

Chromium comparative to iron ranges between 12 and 25% which is consistent with stainless steel needles

 

Manganese (Mn)

 

< 0.1

 

0.3

mg/Nm3  

0.3

 

< 0.1

 

0.5

 

Manganese may be a part in the stainless steel frame.

 

Nickel (Ni)

 

< 0.1

 

0.3

mg/Nm3  

< 0.1

 

< 0.1

 

0.5

 

Nickel may be a part in the needle.

 

Barium (Ba)

 

< 0.5

 

< 0.5

mg/Nm3  

< 0.5

 

< 0.5

 

0.5

 

Reduced sensitivity due to presence in the filter material

 

Silver (Ag)

 

< 0.2

 

< 0.2

mg/Nm3  

< 0.2

 

< 0.2

 

0.5

 

Not anticipated in this waste.

 

Cobalt (Co)

 

< 0.1

 

< 0.1

mg/Nm3  

< 0.1

 

< 0.1

 

0.5

 

Cobalt might be present in stainless steel.

 

Copper (Cu)

 

< 0.5

 

< 0.5

mg/Nm3  

< 0.5

 

< 0.5

 

0.5

 

Reduced sensitivity due to copper in the sample blanks. May be background in the analytical equipment.

 

Vanadium (V)

 

< 0.1

 

< 0.1

mg/Nm3  

0.4

 

< 0.1

 

0.5

 

Vanadium might be present in stainless steel.

 

Thallium (Tl)

 

< 0.4

 

< 0.4

mg/Nm3  

< 0.4

 

< 0.4

 

0.05

 

Not anticipated in this waste. Sensitivity of this x-ray method is sufficient for ranking. Greater sensitivity not sought with this trial.

 

 

 

 

 

 

mg/Nm3  

 

 

The main conclusions drawn from the trials are as follows:

 

 

 

:::          All four units can be utilized to leave medical waste non-infectious, and to ruin syringes or leave needles unsuitable for reuse.

 

:::                           The biggest potential health hazard originates from the emissions of smoke and soot.              (the combustion efficiency of all units lies outside the

 

regulatory criteria ). The risk to health can be reduced by training operators to steer clear of the smoke or by installation of a chimney at the site.

 

:::          The emissions from small scale incinerators are predicted to be lower than those from a wood fire, but higher than a traditional fire-brick-

mg/Nm3  

lined multi-chambered incinerator.

 

:::          Incomplete combustion, and the significant creation of smoke at reduced elevation rendered the PaHuOy unit unacceptable for field trials. Figure 3

 

below shows this unit during a trial burn. Molten plastic flowed out of

 

that the incinerator, blocked the main combustion air feed ports, and burnt out the unit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

mg/Nm3  

 

 

 

 

 

 

The CSIR performed a qualitative trial in the area for gas combustion efficiency, temperature profiles and mass destruction speed on the Molope Auto wood-fired unit at the Mogale Clinic.

 

 

 

The outcomes of this trial are contrasted to the laboratory trial outcomes under:

 

 

mg/Nm3  

Temperatures were higher but for a shorter time and this was

 

correlated with the type of wood available to this clinic. The gas was burnt out before the medical waste was destroyed completely and this resulted in lower temperatures, lower combustion efficiency and higher emissions while burning the waste.

 

prior to complete ignition of the waste.

 

 

 

It was concluded that:

 

 

 

 

mg/Nm3  

 

 

 

 

The following recommendations are created as the result of the laboratory trials:

 

:::     A detailed operating manual must be supplied with each unit.

 

Adequate training in the operation of these units have to be supplied, particularly focussed on safety issues.

 

:::     It is suggested that the elevation of the exhaust vent on all units be

addressed.     In order to facilitate the dispersion of emissions and lessen the exposure risk of these operators.

:::     The providers of this incinerators must provide directions for the safe handling and disposal of ash.

 

5.6.   MAIN FINDINGS OF THE LABORATORY TRIALS

 

 

 

 

 

After conclusion of the laboratory trials, the project steering committee recommended that the Molope Gas and C&S Marketing units be submitted for field testing. The Molope Auto was advocated for field testing on the state that the manufacturer altered the ash grate so as to stop the spillage of partly burnt needles and syringes.

 

 

 

 

 

The aim of this field trials was to acquire information in the area and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of all the incinerators during usage at primary healthcare clinics.

 

A participative decision making process was utilized for the trials. It was based on expert technical evaluation by the CSIR and the National Department of Health as well as participation in the trials by experienced end users and engaging advisors. All decisions were made by the Steering Committee, which consisted of representatives of stakeholders in the medical and clinical waste disposal process. These included representatives from the National, Provincial, and Local Government departments of Health, Safety and the Environment, as well as Professional Associations, Unions, NGOs, UNICEF, the WHO and local community representatives.

Figure 3: Photo of PaHuOy incinerator during trial burn

 

 

5.7.   COMPARISON OF THE FIELDS TRIALS WITH THE LABORATORY TRIALS

The Provinces where the trials were done selected clinics for the field trials. The criteria determined by the Steering Committee for the selection of the clinics were the following:

 

y No clinical waste elimination

y No existing incineration

y No transport

  • Waste loading: Disposable rubber gloves were observed in addition to needles syringes, glass vials, bandages, dressings, and paper w
  • Temperatures and combustion efficiency: The same performance in gas combustion        efficiency   was    obtained    for    wood    .

 

The clinics that were selected were as follows:

  • Emissions: Large amounts of black smoke were observed and this was correlated directly to cooling of the unit as the wood fuel was exhausted

 

  • Destruction efficiency: The destruction efficiency was similar to that in the laboratory measurem
  • Usability: The unit is difficult to control as the result of the variability of the quality of wood
  • Acceptability: the smoke was not acceptable to the clinic, the community, or the local

 

 

  • The performance with fuel alone indicates that laboratory trial data can be used to predict emissions in the
  • The Molope Auto unit is too difficult to control for the available staff and fuel at the

incinerator, wood-fired.

incinerator

 

5.8.   RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE LABORATORY TRIALS

 

 

 

 

 

MAP OF SOUTH AFRICA INDICATING WHERE THE CLINICS ARE SITUATED

 

 

 

 

5.9.   RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE STEERING COMMITTEE

 

 

 

 

NORTHERN PROVINCE

 

GAUTENG PROVINCE

6.     FIELD TRIALS

 

6.1.   OBJECTIVE OF THE FIELD TRIALS

 

 

 

 

NORTH WEST PROVINCE

6.2.   CLINIC SELECTION

MPUMALANGA PROVINCE

 

 

  • Location must be rural or under-serviced with

 

 

 

  • It must be in a high-density population area
  • Acceptable environmental conditions must prevail
  • Community acceptance must be obtained
  • Operator skill level to be used must be at a level of illiteracy

 

FREE STATE PROVINCE

 

  • Steinkopf Clinic – Northern Cape Province – Gas incinerator

 

NORTHERN CAPE PROVINCE

  • Marydale Clinic – Northern Cape Province – Gas incinerator
  • Mogale Clinic – Gauteng Province             – Auto combustion

 

  • Chwezi Clinic – KwaZulu-Natal Province – Gas incinerator
  • Ethembeni Clinic- KwaZulu-Natal Province – Auto-combustion electrical

 

KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I’m /UnitPublic/Valerie/Technet 99/Working papers/Session 3/rogers.doc

 

 

 

EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE

 

 

WESTERN CAPE PROVINCE

 

 

 

The criteria for the ranking of the incinerators based on functionality in the area were:

 

 

The South African National Department of Health coordinated the field trials.

 

Information regarding the field trials as well as surveys were supplied to the coordinators in the participating states.

 

The team in the area consisted of this operator, manager and inspector (planner ). The maker of this incinerators did the practice of those operators.

 

The research used during the trials have been set so as to receive information with regard to the criteria set for the standing of their incinerators according to functionality in the area. The questionnaires were received from the clinics at two-weekly intervals.

 

Queries Concerning the criteria were the following:

 

 

y Volume and thickness

y Colour

y Odour

 

 

 

 

y Complete

y Partial

y Minimum

y Residue content

 

 

 

 

 

y Operator

y Nurse

y Head of this clinic

y Local Authority agent

y Community leader

 

6.3.   COORDINATION OF THE TRIALS

Throughout the trials that the clinics were seen and the incinerators assessed by members of the Steering Committee and the CSIR as well as Dr L Diaz from WHO, Mr M Lainejoki from UNICEF and the planner from the National Department of Public Health.

 

 

  • Safety (occupational and public health)
  • Destruction capability
  • Usability
  • Community acceptability

As a result of the thick, dark smoke emission the device was not acceptable to the community.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type Of Incinerator: C&S Auto-Combustion (Uses an electrically actuated enthusiast )

 

 

A.  SAFETY (occupational and public health)

 

  • Smoke Emission

 

 

 

  • Ash Content
  • Are the filled sharps boxes and soiled dressings stored in a locked location while waiting to be incinerated?

 

 

 

B.  DESTRUCTION CAPABILITY

 

  • Destruction Rate

 

 

 

Considered user friendly by operator, manager and inspector.

 

C.  USABILITY (for the available staff)

  • Can the incinerator be used easily?

 

The incinerator was accepted by the community and was not considered to be harmful.

  • Is the process of incineration safe?
  • Has training been successful?
  • Is protective clothing such as gloves, goggles, dust masks and safety boots available?

 

D.  COMMUNITY ACCEPTABILITY

 

  • What is the opinion of the following persons on the use of the incinerator?

 

 

 

 

The incinerator was accepted by the community and was not considered to be harmful.

 

 

 

6.4.   QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS

 

6.4.1.      MOGALE CLINIC

 

Two

timber, coal also an alternative )

3

 

 

 

 

 

(Uses Electricity)

Great

Great

Great

Great

Combust Incinerator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4 & 5: Molope Auto wood-fired incinerator during field trials at Mogale clinic

 

 

A.               SAFETY (occupational and public health)

 

  1. The process of incineration with this unit was considered by the operator, supervisor and the inspector as unsafe because there is no protective cage around the During the process the incinerator becomes very hot and this could result in injury to the operator.

 

  1. The smoke emission of this incinerator had a volume and thickness which was heavy and black, with a distinct unpleasant odour, and was considered This could cause a pollution problem.

 

 

 

B.               DESTRUCTION CAPABILITY

 

  1. The needles and vials were not completely destroyed but were rendered unsuitable for re-use.

 

  1. The soft medical waste was completely destroy

 

 

 

C.               USABILITY

 

Difficulty in controlling the operating temperature and avoiding smoke emissions made this incinerator user unfriendly.

 

D.               COMMUNITY ACCEPTABILITY

 

As a result of the heavy, black smoke emission the unit was not acceptable to the community.

 

 

6.4.2.      ETHEMBENI CLINIC:

 

 

Figure 6: C&S Marketing Auto Combust Electrical Incinerator At Ethembeni Clinic

 

 

 

Type Of Incinerator: C&S Auto-Combustion (Uses an electrically actuated fan)

 

 

 

A.               SAFETY (occupational and public health)

 

  1. The operator, supervisor and inspector considered this incinerator easy to operate with no danger to the Removal of the ash from the drum for disposal in a pit is, however, considered difficult, as the drum is heavy. Removal of the incinerator lid before it has been allowed to cool has been identified as a potential danger to the operator.

 

  1. Emission of smoke from this incinerator was not considered ex The volume and thickness was evaluated as moderate with no pollution experienced.

 

 

 

B.               DESTRUCTION CAPABILITY

 

  1. The needles and vials were not completely destroyed but were rendered unsuitable for re-use.
  2. The soft medical waste was completely destroy

 

 

 

C.               USABILITY

 

Considered user friendly by operator, supervisor and inspector.

 

D.               COMMUNITY ACCEPTABILITY

 

The incinerator was accepted by the community and was not considered to be harmful.

 

 

 

6.4.3.      CHWEZI CLINIC, MARYDALE CLINIC AND STEINKOPF CLINIC:

 

Type of incinerator: Molope Gas incinerator

 

Figure 7:       Molope Gas incinerator during field trials at Marydale clinic

 

A.               SAFETY (occupational and public health)

 

  1. The operator, supervisor and inspector considered this incinerator easy to operate with minimal danger to the
  2. Smoke emissions were not excessive and were reported to be minim

 

B.               DESTRUCTION CAPABILITY

 

  1. Sharps not completely destroyed but were rendered unsuitable for re-use.

 

 

  1. Soft medical waste completely destroy

 

C.               USABILITY

 

This incinerator was considered user friendly.

 

 

 

D.               COMMUNITY ACCEPTABILITY

 

 

 

The incinerator was accepted by the community and was not considered to be harmful.

 

 

 

6.5.   RANKING

 

 

INCINERATOR RANKING
Molope Gas 1
C&S Auto-Combustion (Uses electrical fan)  

2

Molope Auto- Combustion (Fired with

wood, coal also an option)

 

3

 

 

 

 

6.6.   OUTCOME OF THE FIELD TRIALS

 

Incinerator Safety Destruction Capability Usability Community Acceptability
Molope Gas Good Good Good Good
C&S Auto- Combustion

(Uses Electricity)

 

Good

 

Good

 

Good

 

Good

Molope Auto-

Combust Incinerator

Un-Acceptable Good Un-Acceptable Un-Acceptable

 


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